DownToTen is developing a robust methodology that will enhance the regulatory approach towards particle number (PN) emissions in the sub 23nm region. The focus is on the new generations of direct injection gasoline and diesel engines under real world conditions.
Based on detailed investigations of the nature and characteristics of these particles, DownToTen is evaluating a variety of sub 23 nm PN measurement instruments and sampling approaches, using rigorous criteria under conditions of challenging aerosol from a variety of sources. The objective is a PN-PEMS demonstrator with high efficiency in determining PN emissions of current and future engine technologies in the real world.
DownToTen also aims to assess the fraction of particles left out of control and assist the better understanding of exhaust particle impacts on air pollution. It also complements the in-cylinder particle formation and particle filtration research with simulation along the exhaust pipe and in the sampling system.
Tampere University of Technology (TUT)
Tampere University of Technology (TUT) conducts research in the fields of technology and architecture and provides higher education based on this research. It has 10’500 under- and postgraduate students and ca. 2000 employees, and its annual budget is ca. 160 M€. Two of the TUT thematic research areas are relevant for DownToTen: firstly, Energy and eco-efficiency, which aims to increasing global well-being by finding or optimizing new technologies that are cleaner, safer, and more efficient, and secondly, Industrial competitiveness, which focuses on efficiency and productivity while protecting the environment.
Technical University Munich (TUM)
TUM is one of the few Universities of Excellence in Germany and ranges amongst the top universities in Europe. The Chair of Analytical Chemistry, at the same time Institute of Hydrochemistry of the Technical University Munich (TUM) develops and employs a wide range of analytical techniques. A special focus is set on the development of new analytical techniques, including the construction of prototype instrumentation. Beyond water analysis, bioanalysis and hydrogeological investigations, colloid and aerosol analysis is one of the key research areas. The corresponding activities include the development of new generation, sampling, and characterization methods for aerosol particles, such as thermophoretic deposition, photophoresis, new particle charging methods, Raman-based particle analysis and photoacoustic spectroscopy. Another focus is set on the use of different techniques for a fundamental understanding of combustion and atmospheric aerosol behavior, which is essential e.g. to understand possible sampling artifacts in aerosol science. For these activities, a full set of routine aerosol characterization systems is available, such as SMPS, different particle counters, ELPI, diffusion battery et cetera plus various in-house developed instruments.
Ricardo UK Ltd (Ricardo)
Ricardo is a leading independent technology provider and strategic consultant to the world’s transportation sector and clean energy industries, with over 2700 people employed in offices in the UK, USA, Germany, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Russia, China, Japan, India and Korea. The company’s engineering expertise ranges from vehicle systems integration, controls, electronics and software development, to the latest driveline and transmission systems and gasoline, diesel, hybrid and fuel cell powertrain technologies. Our services extend to solutions for conventional and renewable power generation, energy storage and distribution, and also environmental consulting focused on air quality, chemical risk, climate change, resource efficiency, water and waste management. Ricardo is also a manufacturer of premium low volume advanced engines and transmissions at locations in the UK.
LAT/AUTh carries a 25+ year long tradition in the field of characterization & control of automotive exhaust emissions. Valuable experience has been gained through close collaborations with the automotive and fuel industry as well as suppliers of exhaust after-treatment systems. Today, LAT/AUTh carries out high-level applied and basic research, facilitated by both experimental and modeling techniques used in a complimentary way. The experimental equipment is regularly updated, in order to support high quality measurements regarding real time gaseous and particulate emissions from engines and vehicles. These measurements are routinely carried out on the basis of legislated protocols (driving cycles), whereas R&D services are supported by flexibly customized testing protocols. State-of-the-art equipment is also available for the characterization of the physical and chemical properties of particulate emissions.
Joint Research Center (JRC)
As the Commission's in-house science service, the JRC's mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle. Its work has a direct impact on the lives of citizens by contributing with its research outcomes to a healthy and safe environment, secure energy supplies, sustainable mobility and consumer health and safety. The JRC draws on over 50 years of scientific work experience and continually builds its expertise based on its seven scientific institutes, which host specialist laboratories and unique research facilities.
Graz University of Technology (TUG)
TUG consists of 7 faculties, see http://portal.tugraz.at/portal/page/portal/TU_Graz/die_TU_Graz. Institutes from the faculties for Mechanical Engineering and for Electrical & Information Engineering are involved in the proposal. On demand support from other relevant experts from TUG can be implemented during the project to fill gaps in know how if existing.
Centro Ricerche FIAT (CRF)
Centro Ricerche Fiat, founded in 1978, has the mission to develop and transfer innovative products, processes and methodologies in order to improve the competitiveness of the products of the Fiat Group. Also through the cooperation with a pan-European and increasingly global network of more than 1800 partners from industry and academia, CRF conducts collaborative research initiatives at the national and international levels in partnership with all the key public and private stakeholders concerned with sustainable mobility, targeting specifically the industrial exploitation of research.
AVL List GmbH (AVL)
AVL is the world's largest privately owned company for development, simulation and testing technology of powertrains (hybrid, combustion engines, transmission, electric drive, batteries and software) for passenger cars, trucks and large engines. AVL has about 3300 employees in Graz (Austria), including 1500 university graduates, and a global network of 45 representations and affiliates resulting in more than 7500 employees worldwide. Since Framework Programme 4, AVL has participated in more than 140 European RTD projects as partner as well as coordinator. For several years AVL has been successfully leading the FP projects, which support ERTRAC, the European Technology Platform for road transport. AVL is member of the private-public-partnership EGVI, the Joint Undertaking ECSEL (electronic components and systems) and the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. AVL has a long tradition in research and development of particle measurement systems both for research and certification and is a very active player in the corresponding scientific and engineering community.
College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT) at UC Riverside
CE-CERT at UC Riverside is a collaborative research center involving government, industry, and academia to develop and assess environmental technologies to improve air quality, transportation, and energy efficiency. The Emissions and Fuels research group within CE-CERT is internationally recognized as a leading in the study of vehicle and other emissions as well of the study of renewable and petroleum based fuels.
National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory (NTSEL)
NTSEL is a Japanese Governmental organization under the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure Transportation and Tourism. A main task of NTSEL is conducting type approval tests of all vehicles for the Japanese market. NTSEL also have performed research to help establish regulations, standards and test procedures for automobiles. The annual turnover is almost 2500million yen, with the majority of funding coming from the Japanese government.
National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ)
NMIJ is the national metrology institute in Japan and was established in 2001 as a part of National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). Since then, NMIJ has been engaging in ensuring the international equivalence in the measurement standards and establishing their traceability for over 10 years. During this period, with cooperation and support of related organizations and users of measurement standards, NMIJ could accomplish the intellectual infrastructure development plan with the aim to provide measurement standards comparable to the ones in the West ahead of schedule.