1. Describe the nature and the characteristics of nanoparticles <23 nm
  2. Develop and set up a synthetic aerosol bench and use it for fundamental studies at instrument level
  3. Evaluate existing, proposed and under development particle measurement instruments
  4. Analyse and compare a large number of possible sampling and sample conditioning configurations
  5. Set-up an appropriate PN-PEMS demonstrator
  6. Explain the nature of particles not included eventually in the method
  7. Develop and propose an appropriate sampling and measurement methodology for the sub 23 nm for both CVS and RDE
  8. Modelling the particle transformation (tailpipe-out to the inlet of the measurement equipment)

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